Greek-Roman God Name Equivalence

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Last Updated: Wednesday, January 16, 2002

By the 1st century A.D. the aristocratic Romans borrowed the life stories of several Greek gods and treated them as if they were their original god. Before that those gods were to the Romans, vaguer, less human-like, but these earlier gods were worshipped in festivals.
There were festivals to nearly every god, and they were held on specific days of the year.
The aristocrats were supposed to lead those festivals as part of their patrician duties to the state. However as those aristocrats borrowed more and more Greek histories for some of their gods, and the same time (but not just because of that) they led the ceremonies less and less, and were doubtful of the gods true existance.

Greek - Roman Name Equivalents:

The Olympians and their Roman names:
Athena - Minerva
Aphrodite - Venus
Apollo - NO EQUIVALENT (the Romans never borrowed him,their other gods that did each of Apollo's functions, eg: Sol for his solar function)

Artemis - Diana
Demeter - Ceres
Dionysus - Liber
Hades - Dis
Hephaestus - Vulcan
Hera - Iuno (Juno)
Hermes - Mercury
Poseidon - Neptune
Zeus - Iupeter (Jupiter)

Some other Greek gods borrowed by the Romans:
Ares - Mars
Erinyes - Furiae
Eris - Discordia
Eos - Aurora
Eros - Cupid (fictional in a story by Aupelius)
Gracia - Charities
Helios - Sol
Hestia - Vesta
Hours - Horae
Kronos - Saturn
Moriaes - Fates
Pan - Faunus
Persephone - Proserpine
Tyche - Fortuna

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